2560 Leon Guinto Street

Singalong, Malate, Manila

Philippines

632-8567-7686

632-8559-7593

1930 – 1939

YEAR SSC PRIORY PHILIPPINES
1930  

Another parish school accepted for administration: St. Joseph’s Academy in Mexico, Pampanga

Sisters take over the administration of St. Peter’s Academy in Ormoc, Leyte

Feb 26: The First Independence Congress unanimously adopts a resolution affirming the desire of the Filipino people to be free and independent

Nov 4: Founding of the Communist Party, a radical peasant group, by Crisanto Evangelista

1931 First BSE (Bachelor of Science in Education) graduates:  Maria Vaca and Leonor Barrion (later Sister M. Caridad, OSB)    
1932

Mar 8:  Blessing and inauguration of St. Cecilia’s Hall.  The date was also the Silver Jubilee Year of the music department

St Cecilias Hall 1932
St. Cecilia’s Hall (1932)

  Feb 29: Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. becomes Governor-General of the Philippines

Theodore Roosevelt Jr

Apr 4: Passage of the Philippine Independence Bill (Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act) by the House of Representatives of the United States, providing for the grant of Philippine Independence after a transition period of eight years

1933 Inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. Creation of the Bureau of Education. Granting of optional religious instruction to public schools. SSC – and all other Benedictine schools – train students to be catechists

Inauguration Commonwealth

  Jan 13: Congress passes the Hare-Hawes-Cutting-Independence Act over President Hoover’s veto

Oct 17: The Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act is rejected by the Philippine Legislature. Objections are made to the provisions of the law regarding American-Philippine trade relations and to the retention of army reservations by the United States

Dec 7: The Woman Suffrage Bill is signed by Governor Frank Murphy

1934    

Constitutional Convention of the Philippine Commonwealth.  Optional religious instruction in public schools authorized by law.  All Benedictine schools train and send catechists to spread the faith in the public schools

Mar 24:  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Tydings-McDuffie Act giving independence to the Philippines after a transition period of ten years 

May 1: The Philippine Legislature accepts the Tydings-McDuffie Act providing for a ten-year transition period before the recognition of independence 

Jul 10: Election of delegates to the Constitutional Convention 

Jul 30: The Constitutional Convention is assembled to frame the Constitution of the Philippines. Claro M. Recto is president of the convention

Claro M Recto

 1935  

The school started a college preparatory program. This was the two-year Preparatory Medical Course

  Feb 19: The Constitution of the Philippines is formally signed by the delegates to the Convention 

May 2: Organization of the Philippine Air Force of the Armed Forces of the Philippines 

May 14: A plebiscite ratifying the independence agreement 

Jul 10: Two hundred two (202) delegates to the constitutional convention are elected. Constitutional convention begins sessions on July 30 with Recto as the president 

Nov 15:  Inauguration of the Philippine Commonwealth.  Manuel L. Quezon elected as the president for six-year term without reelection.  By constitutional amendment, he was allowed to serve two additional years for a total of 8 years

Inauguration of the Philippine Commonwealth

 1936     Oct 21: Pan Am inaugurated the first passenger flight from California to the Philippines with 9 passengers

Nov 13: Surian ng Wikang Pambansa established

 1937  

Jan:  Survey of English in all private schools: “St. Scholastica’s name appeared among those heading the list”

SSC offers two-year normal course (towards Elementary Teachers Certificate)

St Scho 1937
St. Scholastica’s College (1937)

 

Mother Pacifica Gerding is appointed the new prioress of Manila. Mother Clodesindis elected prioress general

Feb 3: The 33rd International Eucharistic Congress is held in Manila 

Apr 30: Filipino women vote for the first time in a plebiscite vote on women’s suffrage

May 2: Uprising of the Sakdalista, a radical group for agrarian reform, in Manila and nearby provinces

May 14: The Constitution of the Philippines is ratified by a large majority of the Filipino people

Sept 17: The first election under the new constitution of the Philippines is held. Manuel L. Quezon is elected President of the Commonwealth

Nov 7: Partidong Komunista ng Pilipinas merges with the Socialist Party

Nov 14: Frank Murphy takes is oath of office as first U.S. High Commissioner of the Philippines

Untitled

Nov 15: Inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines with Manuel L. Quezon as President of the Philippines and Sergio Osmeña as Vice-President

Dec 30: President Quezon proclaims language based on Tagalog as the national language

Dec 31: The National Assembly approves Commonwealth Act No. 1 better known as the National Defense Act

1938

SSC wins prizes in international contests: 3 medals for best typewriter art work, sponsored by Degan Publish Co. of Illinois, USA;  2 years later, gold and silver medals for the first four places in stenography contest conducted by the Gregg Shorthand Institute in the United States

St. Scholastica’s Academy opens in Candaba, Pampanga

Untitled

St. Scholastica’s Academy, San Fernando, Pampanga

 Sisters start a new area of apostolate: helping Jewish refugees from Germany

 Nov 11:  Five German Sisters embrace Filipino citizenship: Sisters Baptista Battig, Willibalda Schrader, Leonarda Schmid, Withburga Kilger, and Pacifica Gerding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1939

Jun: Inauguration of St. Hildegarde, a three-storey building with two towers – with a large hall, classrooms, open terrace for astronomical observations, and dormitory for 80 boarders

Untitled

St. Hildegarde Building

 

Feb 1: The Philippine Constabulary is made independent of the army and placed under the supervision of the Department of the Interior to devote itself to the task of maintaining peace and order throughout the country 

May:  Establishment of the department of national defense against the growing  threat of Japanese aggression in Asia