2560 Leon Guinto Street

Singalong, Malate, Manila






History Timeline







Dom Ambrosius Agius, OSB, apostolate delegate to the Philippines, asks for English-speaking religious Sisters to help in the Catholic religious education of the people in the Philippines


rev-ambrosius-aguis copy

American Protestant Missionaries establish an industrial school for boys in Iloilo



Dec 3:  Opening of the school that would eventually be known as St. Scholastica’s College in a residential house in the district of Tondo, Manila. Enrolment:  8 paying pupils (6 girls and 2 boys) and 50 poor children in a “free school”


The Ship

The first group of Missionary Benedictine Sisters, sent to the Philippines from Tutzing, Germany – Sisters Ferdinanda Hoelzer, prioress; Crescencia Veser, Petronilla Keller, Winfrieda Mueller, and novice Alexia Ruedanauer – arrive in Manila, September 14


Sr. Ferdinanda Hoelzer, OSB, 
Sr. Crescencia Veser, OSB,
Sr. Petronilla Keller, OSB, 
Sr. Alexia Ruedanauer, OSB, 
Sr. Winfrieda Mueller, OSB

First Night Shelters of the Benedictine Sisters

Three Sisters with Sisters of St. Paul de Chartres
Three Sisters with Sisters of St. Paul de Chartres 

Two Sisters with Sisters of the Assumption
Two Sisters with Sisters of the Assumption

Jorge Barlin becomes the first Filipino Bishop of the Catholic Church 

Jorge Barlin

Jan 20: Permit for the construction of a TRANVIA (street car) line from Manila to Pasig granted

Jul 17: Arrest of Macario Sakay, head of the New Katipunan



Oct: Sr. Baptista Battig and Sr. Gonzaga Fantini arrive from Tutzing. Sr. Baptista, a piano concertist before entering the convent, would head the School of Music till World War II closed schools in 1941

The school transfers to a larger place at San Marcelino St. – the former barracks of the American Army

No. 134 San Marcelino Street was an old Spanish house, once occupied by the army and then vacated. The lot was a property of the archdiocese and Archbishop Harty offered it to the Sisters to be the site of the school. It was in front of San Marcelino Church. Electric street cars which were introduced by the MERALCO in 1905 passed through this street, an asset for the school

San Marcelino Street

Formal music education introduced in the Philippines

Class of 1907

Class of 1907

On Christmas Eve Sisters Willibalda Schrader and Theresia Bunnenberg arrive. The former would be the directress of SSC for the next 31 years

Oct: Arrival of Sisters Baptista Battig and Gonzaga Fantini. The former is to head the Music Department till World War II closed schools

Christmas Eve. Two more Sisters arrive: Sisters Willibalda Schrader and Theresia Bunnenberg. Sister Willibalda will be the directress of St. Scholastica’s College for the next 31 years

Most Reverend Jeremias Archbishop Harty

Most Reverend Jeremias Archbishop Harty, D.D, Archbishop of Manila (1903-1916) provided for the newcomers

Feb 1: A permit to construct the Taguig-Laguna de Bay approved by the government

Mar 12: Formation of the Partido Nationalists aimed at immediate independence for the Philippine islands

Jul 30: First national elections for members of the Philippine assembly

The first national-level Philippine elections were held in 1907. Photo shows voters reading campaign posters issued for that. Manila Opera House, site of first Philippine Assembly, election

The first national level Philippine elections

Oct 16: Inauguration of the Philippine assembly

Philippine AssemblyManila Opera House, site of first Philippine Assembly (1907) 
[photo courtesy of George A. Malcolm papers]


All seven grades were offered; enrollment was 51 with 20 boarders; Sister Baptista started giving piano lessons

Sr. Willibalda began her term and directed the school for the next thirty years. Together with her co-workers, they set high scholastic standards that gave the school a reputation for excellence

Sr. M. Withburga Kilger

Sr. M. Withburga Kilger, OSB,
SSC Dean of College


Jun 18: Philippine Assembly Act 1890 for the creation of a State University in Manila (U.P.)

Jun 19: First issue of the Philippine FREE Press

Oct 10: The court fines publishers of El Renacimiento for its editorial “Birds of Prey” in which Interior Secretary Dean Worcester feels alluded to


The enrolment increased to 66 for SY 1909-1910 

Government recognition granted with the title “college” given to the school 

The students start to wear the school uniform – light white blouse and a blue skirt in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary – the same pattern as today

Student uniform


May 21: Passage of Payne Aldrich Tariff Act which provides free entry of American products to the Philippines but sets specific quotas for Philippine exports which may enter the U.S. without paying duty

First session of the Philippine Assembly adjourns




The enrollment increased to 91 by SY 1910-1911

Jan 9: Sister Baptista plays at a public concert to make St. Scholastica’s School of Music known

Sisters houseSisters’ house (1910) 

Oct 16:  Election by the members of the Senate and House of Representatives. Manuel Quezon as President of the Senate and Sergio Osmeña as Speaker of the House

1911  Jan 14: St. Scholastica’s College incorporated

Once again the need for more space. The Archbishop offers a piece of undeveloped land in Singalong. Before transferring to the new site, the governor general granted the school permission to issue a liberal arts degree

1911 classroom

This photo was taken in 1911.  The one-story building is one of the barracks that had been transformed into classrooms by means of sawali partitions.  Classrooms were bare except for a blackboard.  There were no big cabinet of books and other materials; not even a real library.  St. Scholastica’s was truly the least among the Catholic Institutes of the city at that time; but like a second Bethlehem, it shone in the darkness and soon became the attraction of both rich and poor.


 Eruption of Taal Volcano killing 1,335 people

Taal Volcano


The first “daughter house” is founded in Legazpi, Albay.  The school is named St. Agnes Academy after its principal benefactor, Agnes McGinley, sister of the bishop of Legazpi

St Agnes Academy

Apr 15: Hanging of Felipe Salvador for leading a peasant movement against American regime 


Jan 15:  The school was granted government permission to issue diplomas at the successful conclusion of the High School

 With the availability of electricity the Sisters use the small nipa hut in Singalong for vacation

Oct 3: Enactment of the Underwood Simmons Tariff Law and the establishment of free trade relations between the Philippines and U.S.A.

Oct 6: Appointment of Francis Burton Harrison as the first democratic governor general who allowed Filipinos larger role in self government

Dec 30: Rizal’s monument unveiled at Luneta, a year later Rizal’s remains were transferred to Luneta from Paco

1914 Jan 5: Start of the work on the new St. Scholastica’s College


Jun: The government grants permit to offer a commercial secondary course

Christmas Eve: Transfer of the school to its own site in Singalong


Aug: Beginning of World War I.  Twenty-five thousand (25,000) Filipinos were sent by U.S.A.  Although the Philippines were not involved in the war.



Jan 6: Feast of the Epiphany – the official opening of the new St. Scholastica’s College with address 2560 Pennsylvania Ave. Archbishop Jeremiah Harty celebrates the solemn High Mass

SSC1915St. Scholastica’s College (1915)

Mar 12: The first High School Commencement Exercises in the new site.
Graduates: Trinidad Lacson and Adelina Gurrea.

1st Graduation


Jun 6: Ignacio Villamor elected first Filipino president of the University of the  Philippines


 Mar 16: First graduates of the commercial secondary course:  MariaCajucom, Maria Luisa Medina, Remedios Montelibano and Purificacion Temponco

1st Graduates 1916

  The Philippines supplies 1/4 of all copra in the world trade

Aug 29: Jones Law is approved providing autonomy for the Filipinos and their future independence

Oct 3: General elections are held for the representatives to the newly established bicameral Philippine Legislature, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives

Phil Congress 1916Philippine Congress (1916)


“St. Cecilia, A Temple of Music” – the first music house – along the Singalong side of the campus

Piano RoomSister Baptistas first piano room in SSC, Singalong

First graduate with a Music Teacher’s Diploma: Patrocinio Garcia

Founding of St. Scholastica’s Convent, Baguio, to serve as a vacation house for Sisters and students

Convent Baguio


Graduation of first college graduates (with a Bachelor of Arts degree):  Adelina Gurrea, Paz Gloria and Maria Agoncillo

1st Graduates 1919







St. Scholastica’s Free School opens at the Singalong-Estrada corner of the campus

Free School
St. Scholastica’s Free School (1920)

The High School unit introduced its non-formal secondary curriculum with 20 girls and 12 boys enrolled

High School Graduates
High School Graduates (1920)

Mother Clodesindis Lueken comes as visitatrix; the following year she is appointed the new prioress of Manila

Mother Lueken

A free school is opened at the back of St. Scholastica’s College.

A novitiate in the Philippines is formally started 

Peasant organizations established in the 1920’s seeking an end to the problems of debts, high rents, rice shortage, unfair labor practices and land grabbing 

1920    A parish school in Navotas is started at the request of the parish priest, but is short-lived

Nov 30: The Sisters take over the administration of St. Alphonsus’ Catholic School in Opon, Cebu

St. Alphonsus Catholic School
St. Alphonsus Catholic School


Apr 22: Start of construction of new and larger chapel

Feast of St. Benedict: blessing of new chapel

Feast Of St Benedict

The School Chapel 1922
The School Chapel (1922)

Nov 22: First St. Cecilia’s Concert 

The Sisters agree to administer the Bacolor Catholic School of the parish of Bacolor, Pampanga. It is renamed St. Mary’s Academy

Another school in Pampanga is taken over for administration – Holy Family Academy in Angeles

Holy Family Academy Angeles today
Holy Family Academy,
Angeles today


Feb 17: Manuel L. Quezon organizes the Nacionalista-Colectivista Party

ML Quezon
Jun 16: President Harding requests the American government that independence be granted to the Philippines

The first radio station goes on air

1923      Jul 17:  All Filipino members of Governor-General Leonard Wood’s cabinet resign in protest of his arbitrary acts



Next in the line of schools is Our Lady of Lourdes Academy in Mambajao, Camiguin

Holy Infant Academy is opened in Tacloban, Leyte

Still another school opens that year: Sacred Heart Academy in Cavite 


Appraisal of schools by the Board of Educational Survey:  “Almost invariably, the secondary schools of the Church are of a higher quality than are the primary.  Some of them such as De La Salle College for boys and Santa Escolastica for girls situated in Manila maintain the highest standard with reference to physical plant, equipment, teaching personnel, and methods of instruction” 

The bishop asks for Sisters to run Assumption Academy in San Fernando, Pampanga

Assumption Academy Pampanga

Assumption Academy, San Fernando, Pampanga




The Sisters take over the administration of the Immaculate Conception Academy in Boac, Marinduque 

Jul 26:  Philippine government asked the U.S. to plebiscite for independence 


Mother Pacifica Gerding is appointed the new prioress of Manila. Mother Clodesindis elected prioress general 


Aug 14: Jose Abad Santos becomes secretary of justice in Governor-General Stimson’s Cabinet

Jose Abad Santos


 Graduates 1929

Graduates (1929)

Sisters start mission work in Mexico, Pampanga




Another parish school accepted for administration: St. Joseph’s Academy in Mexico, Pampanga

Sisters take over the administration of St. Peter’s Academy in Ormoc, Leyte

Feb 26: The First Independence Congress unanimously adopts a resolution affirming the desire of the Filipino people to be free and independent

Nov 4: Founding of the Communist Party, a radical peasant group, by Crisanto Evangelista

1931 First BSE (Bachelor of Science in Education) graduates:  Maria Vaca and Leonor Barrion (later Sister M. Caridad, OSB)    

Mar 8:  Blessing and inauguration of St. Cecilia’s Hall.  The date was also the Silver Jubilee Year of the music department

St Cecilias Hall 1932
St. Cecilia’s Hall (1932)

  Feb 29: Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. becomes Governor-General of the Philippines

Theodore Roosevelt Jr

Apr 4: Passage of the Philippine Independence Bill (Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act) by the House of Representatives of the United States, providing for the grant of Philippine Independence after a transition period of eight years

1933 Inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. Creation of the Bureau of Education. Granting of optional religious instruction to public schools. SSC – and all other Benedictine schools – train students to be catechists

Inauguration Commonwealth

  Jan 13: Congress passes the Hare-Hawes-Cutting-Independence Act over President Hoover’s veto

Oct 17: The Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act is rejected by the Philippine Legislature. Objections are made to the provisions of the law regarding American-Philippine trade relations and to the retention of army reservations by the United States

Dec 7: The Woman Suffrage Bill is signed by Governor Frank Murphy


Constitutional Convention of the Philippine Commonwealth.  Optional religious instruction in public schools authorized by law.  All Benedictine schools train and send catechists to spread the faith in the public schools

Mar 24:  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Tydings-McDuffie Act giving independence to the Philippines after a transition period of ten years 

May 1: The Philippine Legislature accepts the Tydings-McDuffie Act providing for a ten-year transition period before the recognition of independence 

Jul 10: Election of delegates to the Constitutional Convention 

Jul 30: The Constitutional Convention is assembled to frame the Constitution of the Philippines. Claro M. Recto is president of the convention

Claro M Recto


The school started a college preparatory program. This was the two-year Preparatory Medical Course

  Feb 19: The Constitution of the Philippines is formally signed by the delegates to the Convention 

May 2: Organization of the Philippine Air Force of the Armed Forces of the Philippines 

May 14: A plebiscite ratifying the independence agreement 

Jul 10: Two hundred two (202) delegates to the constitutional convention are elected. Constitutional convention begins sessions on July 30 with Recto as the president 

Nov 15:  Inauguration of the Philippine Commonwealth.  Manuel L. Quezon elected as the president for six-year term without reelection.  By constitutional amendment, he was allowed to serve two additional years for a total of 8 years

Inauguration of the Philippine Commonwealth

 1936     Oct 21: Pan Am inaugurated the first passenger flight from California to the Philippines with 9 passengers

Nov 13: Surian ng Wikang Pambansa established


Jan:  Survey of English in all private schools: “St. Scholastica’s name appeared among those heading the list”

SSC offers two-year normal course (towards Elementary Teachers Certificate)

St Scho 1937
St. Scholastica’s College (1937)


Mother Pacifica Gerding is appointed the new prioress of Manila. Mother Clodesindis elected prioress general

Feb 3: The 33rd International Eucharistic Congress is held in Manila 

Apr 30: Filipino women vote for the first time in a plebiscite vote on women’s suffrage

May 2: Uprising of the Sakdalista, a radical group for agrarian reform, in Manila and nearby provinces

May 14: The Constitution of the Philippines is ratified by a large majority of the Filipino people

Sept 17: The first election under the new constitution of the Philippines is held. Manuel L. Quezon is elected President of the Commonwealth

Nov 7: Partidong Komunista ng Pilipinas merges with the Socialist Party

Nov 14: Frank Murphy takes is oath of office as first U.S. High Commissioner of the Philippines


Nov 15: Inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines with Manuel L. Quezon as President of the Philippines and Sergio Osmeña as Vice-President

Dec 30: President Quezon proclaims language based on Tagalog as the national language

Dec 31: The National Assembly approves Commonwealth Act No. 1 better known as the National Defense Act


SSC wins prizes in international contests: 3 medals for best typewriter art work, sponsored by Degan Publish Co. of Illinois, USA;  2 years later, gold and silver medals for the first four places in stenography contest conducted by the Gregg Shorthand Institute in the United States

St. Scholastica’s Academy opens in Candaba, Pampanga


St. Scholastica’s Academy, San Fernando, Pampanga

 Sisters start a new area of apostolate: helping Jewish refugees from Germany

 Nov 11:  Five German Sisters embrace Filipino citizenship: Sisters Baptista Battig, Willibalda Schrader, Leonarda Schmid, Withburga Kilger, and Pacifica Gerding
















Jun: Inauguration of St. Hildegarde, a three-storey building with two towers – with a large hall, classrooms, open terrace for astronomical observations, and dormitory for 80 boarders


St. Hildegarde Building


Feb 1: The Philippine Constabulary is made independent of the army and placed under the supervision of the Department of the Interior to devote itself to the task of maintaining peace and order throughout the country 

May:  Establishment of the department of national defense against the growing  threat of Japanese aggression in Asia


National language to be taught in all public and private schools starting June 19, 1940

Educational Act of 1940.  Among its provisions – reduction of the elementary course from 7 to 6 years


Dec 2: Constitutional amendment -unicameral to bicameral.  President’s term reduced to 4 years with reelection for another 4.  The Commission on Election is established


Feb 15:  Reception of the first members of the Student Catholic Action of St. Scholastica’s College

May 28 – Jun 1:  First convention of the newly-founded Catholic Education Association of the Philippines.  SSC is a member.

Dec 8: Pearl Harbor bombed; U.S. declares war on Japan.  Schools in Manila close

Dec 10:  SSC becomes an American Army Hospital


Jan 2:  Japanese enter Manila; the next day SSC is sealed as “property of the Japanese Imperial Forces”

Jan 26:  Sister Baptista Battig dies with the words, “O Beloved” on her lips

Jun 15:  SSC reopens elementary classes.  Nippongo taught


Home Economics and Kindergarten buildings


High School students (1941)

School in Candaba closed due to the dangers from the fierce Huk struggle

St. Gertrude’s Academy is opened in Sta. Cruz, Laguna.  Mission work intense especially among the Aglipayans

Dec 8:  Pearl Harbor bombed.  The United States declares war on Japan

Dec 10:  SSC is turned into a hospital for the American Army

Jul 26:  100,000 Filipinos trained and inducted to the U.S. Army

Nov 11:  Quezon and Osmeña are reelected in the second commonwealth election

Dec 7:  Bombing of Pearl Harbor and other U.S. installation in the Philippines – the beginning of the Pacific War


Pearl Harbor Attack (December 7, 1941) U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph

Dec 10:  The Japanese Air Force launches heavy air attacks on Manila, Nielsen and Nichols airfields, and the 16th Naval Base in Cavite City and Sangley Point

Dec 12, 22, 24: Japanese landing in Albay, Pangasinan and Quezon

Dec 24:  President Manuel L. Quezon transfers the seat of the Commonwealth Government to Corregidor

Dec 26:  Manila is declared an open city by General Douglas MacArthur

Dec 29:  President Franklin D. Roosevelt promises that the freedom and independence of the Philippines will be “redeemed”

President Franklin D. Roosevelt

Dec 30: 2nd Commonwealth Presidential inauguration held in Corregidor

1942     Jan 2:  The Japanese enter and occupy the city of Manila


Jan 3:  The Japanese High Command establishes the Japanese military administration

Jan 8:  The Executive Commission of the Philippines, headed by Jorge B. Vargas, is organized by the Japanese Military Administration

Jan 20:  Japan grants “the honor of independence” to the Filipinos on condition that they collaborate in and promote the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere

Feb 20:  President Manuel L. Quezon, his family, and the War Cabinet leave Corregidor by submarine for Australia

Mar 29:  The Hukbalahap organization is formally established, with Luis M. Taruc as Supremo

Apr 3:  General Masaharu Homma begins an all-out Japanese offensive in Bataan

Apr 9:  Fall of Bataan into the hands of the Japanese Imperial Forces


The infamous “Death March”, 6 days, 90 miles, began at the Mariveles terminating at Camp O’Donnell and later moved to Camp Cabanatuan

May 2:  Jose Abad Santos, jurist, and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, is executed by the Japanese at Malabang, Lanao for refusing to collaborate

 May 6:  Fall of Corregidor.  Unconditional surrender and the Japanese forces (12,000) Filipinos-Americans taken as prisoners 

American troops surrender to Japanese soldiers at Corregidor (1942)

May 13:  Due to the Japanese occupation, the seat of the Philippine Commonwealth government is declared to be at Washington, D.C., U.S.A. 


Mar:  High school reopens at SSC

Three Sisters sent to Lipa to open Patronato de S. Jose as a clinic for the poor

Apostolic Delegate asks the President that the German Sisters be interned in their own house.  Appeal granted, but notice does not reach Boac and Ormoc where Sisters are brought to the local prison 

Two other Sisters from Manila brought to concentration camps: Sister Friedeswida Lane-Fox (English) and Sister Visitacion Bos (Dutch)

Jan 21:  An American submarine lands in Southern Negros bringing Major Jesus Villamor, who assumes command of the guerillas forces in Negros and Siquijor islands

Oct 14:  The Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines is established with Dr. Jose P. Laurel as president



Sept 21: War of Liberation starts.  Japanese re-occupy SSC


The School Chapel before the war


The School Chapel ruins after the war


SSC converted into a Japanese military hospital

Sept:  Several Sisters evacuate to Sta. Cruz, Pila and Lipa; others invited to Taal by the Barrion family

Jun 29:  The U.S. Congress passes Joint Resolution No. 93, authorizing the President of the United States to proclaim the independence of the Philippines on July 4, 1946 

Aug 1:  Manuel L. Quezon died at Saranac Lake, New York

Oct 20:  A famous promise of General Douglas MacArthur, “I shall return” is fulfilled when he and President Sergio Osmeña land in Leyte with the U.S. Forces

Gen. McArthur landing at Leyte to recapture the Philippines from Japanese invasion, World War I

Oct 23:  The Commonwealth Government with Sergio Osmeña, as President, is restored at Tacloban, Leyte, by General MacArthur 



Feb:  Many refugees seek shelter at SSC

Feb 13:  Incendiary bombs fall on SSC.  Many refugees die; all buildings (except 2 small wooden ones) burn and are ruined

Jun:  Grade School reopens in the Free School building

The ruins inside St. Cecilia’s Hall

The Sisters checking what was left from the ruins (St. Cecilia’s Hall)

The right wing of St. Cecilia’s Hall


Feb 13:  SSC bombed by Americans thinking it is still the Japanese military hospital.  Incendiary bombs destroy all buildings except two small wooden houses

Feb 14:  More bombs and machine gun fire.  Human SOS formed by Sisters and remaining refugees in the garden.  Bombing stops

Mar 13:  Bombing of Legazpi, Albay.  Mother Clodesindis  shielding two children – and Sister Edilburgis are hit and killed in air attack on St. Agnes’ Academy

Apr 18:  New beginnings.  New school opens in Taal, Batangas:  Our Lady of Caysasay Academy

May 4:  Sisters are sent to Maasin, Leyte to take over St. Joseph’s College

Jun:  Start of initial reconstruction of SSC under Mother Prioress Amadea Bessler

Jul 2:  Other Sisters are sent to Carigara, Leyte to start Holy Cross Academy

Jan 9:  U.S. Troops under General Douglas MacArthur land at Blue Beach, Dagupan City, Pangasinan

Feb 6:  The Japanese put Intramuros to the torch

Feb 23: End of Japanese resistance in Manila. The civilian survivors of the massacre in Intramuros are rescued by the Americans and taken to hospitals

Feb 27:  General Douglas MacArthur turns over the civil government of the Philippines to Commonwealth President Sergio Osmeña

Jul 5:  Liberation of the Philippines from the Japanese forces

Aug 15:  Japan surrenders unconditionally, thus ending World War II

General Tomoyuki Yamashita (left) surrendered to Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainwright at Baguio

Aug 17:  President Jose P. Laurel announces the dissolution of the Republic of the Philippines established during the Japanese occupation

Sept 2:  Pacific War ended.  Japan formally surrenders.  Commonwealth restored after WWII



Reconstruction starts, and the High School reopens for SY 1946-1947

SSC reconstruction

School in Mexico, Pampanga closes due to Communist threat

Jan 27:  Philippine Congress holds its first session after World War II

Feb 23:  General Tomoyuki Yamashita, once Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese forces in the Philippines, is hanged for war crimes in Los Baños, Laguna


Apr 3:  Execution of General Masaharu Homma, who was responsible for the Death March

Apr 23:  Manuel A. Roxas and Elpidio Quirino are elected President and Vice-President, respectively, of the Commonwealth of the Philippines



Apr 30:  Signing by U.S. President Truman of the Philippines Trade Act which provides for mutual free trade between America and the Philippines from January 1, 1946 to July 3, 1954, and gradual elimination of tariff preferences both ways from July 4, 1954 to December 31, 1973

Jul 4:  The Third Republic is inaugurated with Manuel Roxas as president

Jul 27:  The remains of the late President Manuel L. Quezon arrive from the United States on board the aircraft carrier U.S.S. Princeton 


College department reopens.  New courses introduced: Liberal Arts with a major in Food and Nutrition; Marriage and Family Relationships for all seniors

Co-curricular and extra-curricular activities re-activated: catechetical instruction in Welfareville, Reformatory, School for Deaf and Dumb, 12 public schools; hospital visits; medical clinic in the Free School

Mother Stefana Gaechter, the new prioress, reorganizes administrative structure of SSC:  an appointed directress to head the school; under her the deans and principals

SSC defines its goal:  the education of “the true and finished woman of character” which requires proper instruction, guidance and discipline

Free School (1947)


Jan: Arrival of the new prioress, Mother Stefana Gaechter.  Reconstruction of destroyed property and filing of war claims from the U.S. government occupy much of her time and effort, besides building up community and religious life


Feb 23:  President Manuel Roxas and Archbishop Michael O’Doherty sign a formal agreement for the acquisition by the government of eight estates owned by the Church for the price of PhP5,630,000, such estates to be sold later in small lots and at reasonable prices to the tenant

Mar 11:  Filipinos ratify the “Parity Amendment” to the Constitution.  This gives the Americans and Filipinos equal rights in the exploitation of the natural resources of the Philippines

Mar 14:  The Military Bases Agreement is signed at Malacañang by Ambassador Paul V. McNutt and President Manuel A. Roxas.  It grants 22 military, naval, and air bases in the Philippines to the United States for the defense of both countries

Nov 8:  The first election under the Republic is held for local officials and eight senators

1948      Apr 15:  President Manuel A. Roxas dies in Clark Field, Pampanga

Apr 17: Vice-President Elpidio Quirino is sworn in as President following the death of President Manuel A. Roxas



Apr 29:  Burial at the North Cemetery of Mrs. Aurora Aragon Quezon, her daughter Maria Aurora, and her son-in-law Felipe Buencamino III, who were killed by the Huks on their way to Baler

Dec 30:  Elpidio Quirino and Fernando Lopez are inaugurated President and Vice-President, respectively, of the Republic of the Philippines


Apr 12:  First Holy Mass celebrated in the reconstructed chapel

The reconstructed School Chapel (1949)


Reconstruction of different buildings of SSC with aid from different sources (From 1950-1954)


  Aug 26:  Hukbalahap raids come to a head with simultaneous and well-prepared attacks on Tarlac, Santa Cruz, Laguna and other places

Sept 1:  President Elpidio Quirino appoints Ramon Magsaysay Secretary of National Defense

Oct 1:  U.S. Economic Survey finds insurgency situation in the Philippines desperate

Oct 18:  The Philippine Politburo is smashed together with the rest of 23 top-ranking Filipino Communists in Manila

Nov 15:  Signing of the Quirino-Foster Agreement.  This agreement provides for United States assistance as the “solution of age-old social and economic problems” in the Philippines


Jun 16:  National Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL) organized
Aug 30:  A mutual defense pact is signed by the representatives of the Philippines in the United States in Washington


High School (1952)

 Sisters leave Holy Infant Academy, Tacloban

Oct:  Typhoon “Trix” unroof and seriously destroy Immaculate Conception Academy in Boac, Marinduque.  Repairs not possible.  The Sisters leave in April, 1953


Immaculate Conception Academy 
destroyed by super typhoon “Trix”


National elections. Religious women participate for the first time

Dec 30:  Ramon Magsaysay and Carlos P. Garcia are inaugurated President and Vice-President, respectively




War claims approved by U.S. War Claims Commission.  Atty. Lewis McGowan, U.S. lawyer helping SSC, donates his attorney’s fees

Mar 11: The War Claims Commission of the U.S.A approves the war claims of SSC

May 15:  Hukbalahap Supremo Luis Taruc surrenders to the government

Sept 8: The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization is organized with the United States, Great Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Thailand, and the Philippines as members Marian Congress



Reconstruction of St. Cecilia’s Hall finished; inaugural concert set for February 27, but reset to March 12, as Mother Stefana dies February 24

Interior of St. Cecilia’s Hall (1955)

Feb 24: Mother Prioress Stefana dies.  The re-opening of St. Cecilia’s Hall has to be postponed.  Mother Godfrieda Baumeister appointed the new prioress

Mar 11: Blessing of the new St. Cecilia’s Hall.  Grand concert follows the next day

May 5:  Noli-Fili controversy: compulsory reading of Rizal’s controversial novels opposed by the Philippine Catholic hierarchy

Aug 12: President Ramon Magsaysay notifies Prime Minister Ichiro Hatoyama of Japan that the Philippine Government has accepted the Neri-Takazaki reparations formula

Sept 6: The Laurel-Langley Agreement is approved by both the American and Philippine Governments following its conclusion by Senator Jose P. Laurel and James M. Langley on December 15, 1954.  It is put into effect on January 1, 1956

Oct 12: Bohlen-Serrano agreement on military bases signed


SSC reintroduces Grade 7 in the elementary grades

Bachelor of Science in Elementary Education (BSEE) introduced

Sept 10-16:  Golden Jubilee celebration of the Manila Priory and St. Scholastica’s College

May 9:  The Reparations Agreement is signed at Malacañang by Representatives of the Philippines and Japan


Accreditation of the College by the PAASCU (Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities); SSC becomes a charter member of PAASCU

General Chapter of the Congregation

Mar 17:  Death of President Ramon Magsaysay in a plane crash

Mar 18:  Vice-President Carlos P. Garcia is sworn in as President of the Philippines


May 1: Philippine flag raised alongside U.S. Flag in U.S. Bases

Nov 12:  Garcia (Nacionalista Party) reelected president with Diosdado Macapagal (Liberal Party) as vice-president


Opening of St. Scholastica’s Academy, Bacolod City and St. Benedict’s Academy, Guinobatan, Albay


St. Scholastica’s Academy,
Bacolod City


Liberal Arts course enriched with several choices of major areas: English, Mathematics, History, Business Administration; later, Guidance and Counseling.







Enrichment of  college course offerings with new majors in all four-year programs

Ground-breaking in Marikina for future St. Scholastica’s Academy of Marikina

The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) isestablished in Los Baños develop new high-yielding varieties of rice

Mar 16:  Gabriel “Flash Elorde” begins his reign as World Junior Lightweight Boxing Champion


Mar 29: Archbishop Rufino J. Santos is elevated to the Sacred College of Cardinals 


Jun 14:  Dwight D. Eisenhower, the first President of the United States to visit the Philippines, arrives in Manila




St. Scholastica’s Academy, Marikina opens


St. Scholastica’s Academy, Marikina

Jun 19:  The publication of the “First Filipino” award-winning biography of Rizal by Leon Maria Guerrero

Jul 19:  President Carlos P. Garcia signs an Administrative Order pursuant to Republic Act No. 3019, otherwise known as the Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Law

Dec 30:  Diosdado Macapagal and Emmanuel Pelaez are inaugurated President and Vice-President, respectively, of the Republic of the Philippines






May 12:  President Diosdado Macapagal moves the celebration of Independence Day from July 4 to June 12

Jun 12:  Declared new Philippine Independence Day


Bishop of San Fernando requests the opening of Assumption College of San Fernando

Jun 12: General Aguinaldo formally donates his historic mansion at Kawit, Cavite, to the Republic of the Philippines

Aug 8: The Agricultural Land Reform Code abolishing tenancy is signed by President Diosdado Macapagal at Agrifina Circle, Manila.  This code readjusts the rights of tenants and landholders




Feb 6:  Emilio Aguinaldo, general and president of the First Philippine Republic, dies of a heart attack at the age of 95


SSC High School accredited by PAASCU


High School students during 1965 PAASCU accreditation


Feb 7:  St. Paul’s Hospital is inaugurated in Tacloban, Leyte

Jun:  Four Sisters start St. Scholastica’s Academy, Tabunok, Cebu

Sept 28: Taal Volcano erupts killing 2,000 people

Dec 30:  Ferdinand E. Marcos and Fernando Lopez are inaugurated President and Vice-President, respectively, of the Republic of the Philippines



1966   Holy Family Vocational High School, a free school, opens in Sum-ag, Bacolod 


Holy Family Vocational High School, Sum-ag, Bacolod City

U.S. Agrees on the reduction of the number of U.S. Bases from 95 to 25 and $45 million in economic aid



General Chapter. Sister Caridad Barrion elected councilor-general. Changes following Vatican Council II:  use of English in liturgy; renewal in religious life; work-friendly habit; Sisters to foreign missions; accent on “social action for the poor”

Aug 8:  Philippines joins Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Constitutional Convention bill is passed by Congress

Nov: Benigno Aquino, Jr., governor of Tarlac, tops the senatorial race at the age of 35


Blessing and opening of Formation house in Marikina

Formation House in Marikina

Jan-Dec:  Student demonstrations are held against the Vietnam War and for social reforms within the Church and within the schools

Mar 29:  Formation of the New People’s Army which adopted the strategy of protracted people’s war

Jul 26:  U.S. President Nixon visits the Philippines stresses “Asia should be responsible for its security”

Nov 11: Cultural Center of the Philippines is formally inaugurated with Ronald and Nancy Reagan representing the Nixons

The Cultural Center of the Philippines

Dec 26:  Jose Maria Sison with two colleagues formed the Communist Party of the Philippines inspired by Marxist, Leninist-Mao Tse Tung thought (with the avowed aimed at overthrowing US imperialism and capitalism and eventual seizure of political powers)


Nov:  President Ferdinand Marcos wins a second term in the presidential election Gloria Diaz, an Ilocano beauty, was the first Miss Universe from the Philippines. She was crowned in the international American-owned pageant in 1969 in Florida, U.S.A.







Enrichment of  college course offerings with new majors in all four-year programs

Innovation in teaching approaches especially in the Grade School: developmental reading, science process approach, discovery approach in mathematics, integration and interdisciplinary approach

Appointment of Sister Margarita Alovera as the first Filipino prioress.

Drafting of new Constitutions for the Congregation


Jan:  President Marcos’ State of the Nation Address is met by students’ demonstration denouncing the true state of the nation

Jan 30:  Students attack Malacañang Palace with Molotov cocktails.  “Battle of Mendiola”

Feb:  Peso devaluation results in price increases, food shortages, and  unemployment

Feb 18:  U.S. Embassy in Manila is attacked by 3,000 youths

Apr 7:  Start of a general strike to protest increased oil prices and transportation costs


Appointment of first lay person as dean: Ms. Linda Gil as Dean of Commerce

May 15 – Jun 14: First Manila Priory Chapter

Feb: The University of the Philippines students set up barricades against attacking police forces. The Diliman Commune is directed against the government announcement of an oil price hike

Jun: Delegates to the Constitutional Convention convene to draft a new Constitution

Aug 21: The Liberal Party (LP) Proclamation rally at Plaza Miranda is bombed.  Top LP leaders are among the injured.  President Marcos suspends the writ of habeas corpus and arrests student leaders


Sept 21: Declaration of Martial Law.  Classes suspended for a week for the elementary grades, 3 weeks for the high school and the college departments

Holy Cross Academy, Carigara, Leyte burned.

Holy Cross Academy destroyed by fire

Sept 21: Martial Law declared

Jan 12: Writ of habeas corpus is restored except for those in detention

Sept 21: mMarcos declares Martial Law and orders the arrest and detention of opposition and other public figures, including Sen. Benigno S. Aquino, Jr.

Ferdinand E. Marcos
declaring Martial Law

Oct 20:  A new constitution is approved by a cowed Con-Con

Dec 7:  First Lady Imelda Marcos is stabbed and seriously wounded


Grade School accredited by PAASCU

Opening of the Night Secondary School for working women in the neighborhood

Apostolate in Maasin, Leyte is shifted from school education to social work

Blessing and inauguration of Tuason Community Center, Marikina

Jan 17:  Marcos signs decrees extending martial law

Jul 13:  Marcos lifts curfew; eases free speech restrictions

Dec 31:  Referendum “overwhelmingly” approves new constitution

Jul 22:  Margarita Moran won the Miss Universe title which was held in Athens Greece making her the second Filipina to win the title after Gloria Diaz in 1969.  She was also crowned as Miss Photogenic.



Education for Justice SSC’s theme, particularly in the light of Martial Law

Formation of the Inter-Institutional Consortium between and among St. Scholastica’s College, De La Salle College, St. Paul College of Manila, Philippine Christian College and Adamson University


Sept 1:  Catholic bishops petition Marcos to end martial law

Sept 11:  President Marcos orders the release of Jose Diokno

Sept 17:  Supreme Court upholds legality of martial law


Third Manila Priory Chapter; Mother Irene Dabalus elected prioress.  Four-pronged thrust of the priory’s missionary work defined

SSC’s theme:  Education for Justice towards Social Transformation

Third Manila Priory Chapter.  First election of the prioress.  Mother Irene Dabalus elected

Four-pronged thrust of apostolate defined by Mother Irene and the Chapter


Apr 4: Senator Benigno Aquino starts hunger strike


Pangantucan mission community founded in Bukidnon upon invitation of Bishop Francisco Claver, S.J.

Jan 21:  Marcos postpones all national elections indefinitely

Aug 26: Bernabe Buscayno, head of the New People’s Army and Victor Corpus, captured earlier in July


Nov 25: Military tribunal sentences Aquino to death; worldwide protests forces Marcos to reopen trial



March 29: Sisters turn over St. Benedict’s Academy, Guinobatan, Albay to parish priest

Apr 6: Thousands participate in a “noise barrage” to support LABAN candidates led by Aquino 

Apr 7: Elections to the Interim Batasang Pambansa held.  In Metro Manila.  LABAN wins 21 seats, organizes a protest march.  Lorenzo Tañada, Franciso Rodrigo, Aquilino Pimentel, and Teofisto Guingona are arrested

Jun 12: Marcos is sworn in as Prime Minister as well as President.  Imelda appointed to the cabinet


Jan 7:  The U.S. military bases agreement is amended.  The Philippines is assured sovereignty over the bases but U.S. is guaranteed unhampered military use of the bases.  The U.S. Commits 500 million dollars to the Philippines over the next 5 years

May 7-Jun 1:  The Philippines hosts the United Nation’s Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) at PICC; 200 delegates from 157 countries attended

Archbishop Jaime Cardinal Sin speaks out against martial law, appeals for Aquino’s release

Dec:  Marcos orders arrest of some fifteen to twenty alleged leaders of the Light-A-Fire Movement for several bombings in Metro Manila




Five-Year Development Plan for the Manila Priory drafted

1980-83   New initiatives in apostolate start: 13 Sisters sent to missions abroad; Non-hospital health services; herbal medicines produced; Work with non-Christian tribal groups strengthened 


Marihatag – Herbal medicines produced

Apostolate of Vigil defined

PAX Hymnbook published


Jan:  Elections are held for governors and mayors, the first since the declaration of martial law

May:  Benigno Aquino, Jr. allowed to leave for the United States for a coronary bypass


Diamond jubilee year.  SSC’s theme:  The Scholastican: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow


Jan 17: Martial Law is lifted but Marcos retains extra-legal powers allowing the detention of anyone suspected of subversion or rebellion

Jun 16:  Marcos “wins” reelection.  Cesar Virata appointed Prime Minister; Gen.  Fabian Ver, AFP Chief of Staff


Pope John Paul II first visit in Manila


Appointment of first lay Grade School principal: Ms. Florina Feliciano-Castillo 



New community in New Norcia, Australia formed, with projected integration of Spanish “Misioneras Benedictinas” into the Congregation

Aug 7:  Marcos appoints Imelda to executive council

Sept 21: Assassination of 1970s student leader and martyr Edgar Jopson

1983     Aug 21:  Ninoy Aquino assassinated at the Manila International Airport

Aug 31:  Ninoy’s funeral procession, the biggest and longest ever seen in the Philippines, participated in by close to 2 million people 


1984      May:  Cory Aquino urges the citizenry to take part in the parliamentary elections and to support opposition candidates

May 14:  Marcos’ KBL party wins 89 of 143 seats Legislative elections, but opposition gained 41 seats over previous assembly

Oct 14:  The Agrava Board submits two reports on the Aquino assassination.  The majority report concludes that there was a military conspiracy and implicates Ver in the assassination

Aug 21:  450,000 Filipinos march to commemorate anniversary of Ninoy’s death

Dec:  The Convenor group composed of Lorenzo Tañada, Jaime Ongpin, and Cory  Aquino tasked to choose opposition candidate in case of a snap election

1985 Introduction of the Women’s Studies Program and setting up of Institute of Women’s Studies.     

          IWS students (1999)

Experiments on work with urban poor: San Benito Tuluyan, QC,  Southern Luzon Outreach; participatory apostolate with ecumenical groups.

Work for environment; Lingkod Tao-Kalikasan (one Sister among founders).

Sisters undertake administration of San Isidro College, Pangantucan, Bukidnon, on contract.

SPA community starts work in Balanga, Bataan

Jan 23:  Fabian C. Ver and twenty-five others formally charged with the slaying of Aquino

Aug:  The KBL squelches a motion for impeachment against Marcos in the Batasan, for culpable violation of the Constitution and “hidden wealth”

Oct 22:  Cory agrees to run on two conditions: that Marcos call for snap presidential elections, and one million Filipinos endorse her candidacy.  Cory Aquino for President Movement (CAPM) organized by Chino Roces gather 1 million signatures for Cory’s candidacy

Nov 3:  Marcos announces plan to hold “snap elections”

Dec 2:  Sandiganbayan acquits Gen. Ver and all of his co-accused.  Marcos reinstates Ver as Chief of Staff amid widespread protest

Dec 3:  Aquino files her certificate of candidacy for the Presidency, with Salvador Laurel as running mate under the UNIDO party


EDSA People Power.  Sisters, faculty, students avid participants towards liberation of Filipino from martial rule

Formation of PREDIS (The Philippine Research and Development of Instrumental Soloists) by Sister Mary Placid Abejo, OSB, dean of the School of Music and renowned violinist Basilio Manalo, for the development of young musicians – as young as 5 years old – into performing artists and then formation of a youth symphony orchestra

PREDIS Violin 

Sr. Mary Placid Abejo, OSB and Prof. Basilio Manalo, co-founders of PREDIS

March:  At College Commencement Exercises, the PAX award is given to President Corazon Aquino, the first woman president of the Philippines and a Scholastican alumna


Priory Chapter after EDSA ’86.  Widening of social involvement:

Transfer from New Norcia to Perth: work with elderly, aborigines, Education Office of WA

 Feb 5:  Cardinal Sin informs that Catholics may employ civil disobedience measures if election is found fraudulent

Feb 7:  Presidential elections held.  Elections returns from the Commission on Elections show Marcos leading while the National Citizen’s Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL) have Cory Aquino winning

Feb 8:  Aquino, headed by NAMFREL count, claims victory

Feb 9:  Thirty computer workers at the COMELEC tabulation center, protesting the tampering of election results, walk out

Feb 11: On the eve of the EDSA revolution, Antique’s beloved governor and famous reformer Evelio Javier was assassinated

Feb 13:  The Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) issues a pastoral letter condemning election fraud

Feb 15:  The Batasang Pambansa in session proclaims Marcos as winner; opposition assemblymen walk out to protest massive cheating during the election

Feb 16:  Cory Aquino leads a mammoth rally of more than two million people at the Luneta where she launches a nationwide civil disobedience program and boycott of Marcos-crony firms to force him to concede defeat

Cory Aquino receives wide public support for her presidential bid against strongman Ferdinand Marcos

Feb 22:  Defense Minister Enrile and Gen. Ramos revolt against Pres. Marcos and hole up at Camp Aguinaldo.  Thousands of people form a human barricade against advancing Marcos troops.  Cardinal Sin appeals over Radio Veritas for people to send food and help guard the barricades

Thousands of people form a human barricade against advancing Marcos troops

Feb 25:  In separate ceremonies, Cory Aquino takes her oath of office at Club Filipino as President of the Philippines while Marcos is sworn in at Malacañang.  Later that evening, Marcos flees to Clark Air Base enroute to Hawaii with family and close friends

Feb 26:  President Aquino forms her cabinet; creates the Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG) to recover the Marcos hidden wealth


Mar 2:  The suspension of the writ of habeas corpus is lifted throughout the Philippines

Mar 5:  The unconditional release of political detainees is announced by President Aquino

Mar 18:  The Presidential Committee on Human Rights (PCHR) is created under the Office of the President

Mar 25:  Aquino issues Proclamation No. 3, also called the Freedom Constitution which abolishes the Batasang Pambansa

Jun 2:  A Constitutional Commission is appointed to draft a new constitution 

Jul 6:  Marcos supporters led by Vice-Presidential candidate Arturo Tolentino stage a coup at the Manila Hotel supported by 300 soldiers and some generals

Aug 5:  Government representatives start formal ceasefire talks with the National Democratic Front (NDF) represented by former newsmen Satur Ocampo and Antonio Zumel

Aug 24-27:  First state visit of President Aquino to Indonesia and Singapore

Sept 5:  President Aquino holds an unprecedented “peace meeting” with the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) leader, Nur Misuari.  Both parties agreed to a “cessation of hostilities”

Sept 15-24:  President Aquino visits the United States.  She  is warmly received by the American people and receives a standing ovation for her speech before a joint session of the U.S. Congress

Oct 12:  The Constitutional Commission submits the draft constitution to President Aquino at Malacañang.  It was approved by 46 of the commissioners

Nov 14:  Rolando Olalia, Kilusang Mayo Uno chairman, is brutally murdered by unknown assailants.

1987    Closing of house in Perth.

Jan 22:  A peasants’ rally at Mendiola led by the Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (KMP) is violently dispersed leaving eighteen persons killed and hundred wounded

Jan 27:  Loyalist troops led by Col. Canlas took Channel 7 while the troops attempt on Villamor Airbase but failed

Jan 30:  NDF panel pulls out of the ceasefire talks

Feb 2:  Voters approve draft constitution in a national plebiscite

May 11:  First national elections to elect senators and congressmen held, with the Lakas ng Bansa winning 22 out of 24 senatorial seats

Jul 27:  President Aquino opens Congress 15 years after its abolition during martial law

Aug 17:  “Welga ng Bayan” against the oil price hike paralyzes Metro Manila

Aug 28:  A coup d’ etat engineered by Col. Gregorio “Gringo” Honasan and RAM elements fails to take over Malacañang

Sept 19:  Lean Alejandro, militant nationalist leader of BAYAN, is assassinated



 Feb 4:  Top Communist leaders arrested

Jun 10:  President Corazon Aquino signs Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law

Oct 17:  Philippine Foreign Secretary Raul Manglapus and U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz sign interim bases agreementA federal grand jury in New York indicts former President Marcos and his wife Imelda for fraud and racketeering



Introduction of more contemporary interest courses: degree course in Hotel and Restaurant Management, ladderized programs in fine arts, small and medium enterprise management.








Transfer of the Institute of Women Studies to its own building, Nursia, across the street from SSC



Impact evaluation of SPA centers

Revised edition of Liturgy of the Hours published, using inclusive language.

Alternative retirement house in Tagaytay ready for occupancy

Institute of Women’s Studies acquires its own building

Military officials are convicted of the murder of Benigno Aquino

Feb 19:  Defense Secretary Dick Cheney met in Manila with Defense Minister Fidel Ramos to discuss the future of U.S. Bases in the country

Jul 2:  Imelda Marcos and Adnan Khashoggi were found not guilty of racketeering

Jul 16:  An intensity 7.8 earthquake shook Central Luzon, seriously damaging the cities of Baguio, Cabanatuan, and Dagupan, resulting in many deaths

Oct 6:  Seventh coup against Aquino fails

Nov 6:  Inauguration of the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao by President Corazon Aquino


Strong involvement of all sectors and levels in rehabilitation of victims of the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo

College opens degree course in accountancy (Bachelor of Science in Accountancy)

Priory Chapter: Defining of tasks and priorities; emphasis on option for the poor

June:  Mt. Pinatubo erupts after 6 centuries.  St. Mary’s Academy, Bacolor, buried in lahar up to second floor; two Sisters start work with aborigines in Palayan (their refuge); emergency relief work in Angeles and San Fernando

Half of the first floor of St. Mary’ Academy was buried in lahar

Earthquake in Baguio: St. Benedict Annex destroyed.  Later reconstructed


Flood in Ormoc, Leyte.  Destruction includes school, houses (also of many of the school personnel), records

St. Peter’s College, Ormoc destroyed by flood

Immersion community in Marihatag established

Housing projects initiated in

  – Marikina for maintenance and staff;

  – St. Benedict’s Village, Ormoc, for flood victims


Jun 12:  Mount Pinatubo in Zambales erupts after more than 600 years of inactivity.  The eruption forces the closure of Clark Air Force Base in Angeles City and displaces hundreds of aeta families


Aug 27:  Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Security between the Philippines and U.S. providing for a 10 year extension of the U.S. bases in the Philippines is signed

Sept 16:  Philippine Senate rejects the new treaty providing a 10 year extension of the U.S. Bases

Nov 5:  Nearly 7,000 people are killed in floods

Nov 26:  The American flag is lowered for the last time at Clark Air Base in Angeles City, as the United States leaves one of its oldest and largest overseas installations due to the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo

Dec 27-29:  Libyan trained Abubakar Janjalani breaks with the Moro National Liberation Front and forms “Abu Sayyaf” army


St. Mary’s Academy turned over to another congregation

Sister sent to the U.S.A. for gerontology studies


Jun 30:  Fidel Ramos is inaugurated President and Joseph Estrada as Vice President



July:  Presidential Anti-Crime Commission (PACC) is formed with Vice-President Joseph Estrada as its head

Sept:  Imelda Marcos is convicted of corruption and sentenced to 18 years imprisonment. Conviction appealed

Sept 16:  Philippine Senate rejects extension of Subic Bay Naval Base for another ten years

Nov 24:  U.S. turns over Subic Bay Naval Base to the Philippine government




Impact study of ABS schools starts to be ready for next Chapter

Our Lady of Caysasay Academy turned over to the parish priest

Apr 25:  President Ramos signs trade agreement with People’s Republic of China

Jun 1:  U.S. approves Mutual Aid Initiative (Philippine Assistance Plan) for $60 million

Sept 11:  The remains of former President Ferdinand Marcos is brought to rest in Batac, Ilocos Norte

Sept 21:  President Ramos and President Soeharto of Indonesia signs Southeast Asian Free Trade Agreement (AFTA)


CDCI (Community Development Center Inc.) building blessed

Postulants’ House added to the Novitiate

St. Scholastica’s Center of Spirituality opens in Tagaytay City

The Sacred Heart Chapel at the St. Scholastica’s Center of Spirituality (SSCS) in Tagaytay City

SSCS buildings

Feb:  Federal Court of Hawaii awards $1,200 million in punitive damages to 10,000 Filipinos tortured under President Marcos’ administration

Feb 2:  U.S. and Philippine reach agreement on extradition treaty

Apr 15:  Philippines and Vietnam sign trade pacts

May 31:  Amnesty for Communist insurgents, military rebels, and soldiers is approved

Nov 13:  Extradition Treaty and Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty between the U.S. and the Philippines is signed

President Clinton visits the Philippines and assures leaders that his party’s severe losses in the midterm elections will not affect his foreign policy


Congress passes the death penalty law due to widespread crime

A federal jury in Hawaii awarded 9,539 victims and heirs $1.2 billion in “exemplary damages” against the estate of former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos.  In 1995, the same jury awarded the plaintiffs $766 million for injury compensation. 

 1995   Priory Chapter.  Emphasis on: reverent care for the earth – ecology with justice and peace; women’s issues; OCW and family evangelization; a Lay Missionaries Program; international solidarity through Sisters’ studies and formation

Jan 10-15:  World Youth Day is held in Manila.  Pope John Paul II urges the youth to reject cynicism.  Millions of people attend the last Mass of his visit

Pope John Paul II celebrated a final Mass during his visit to the Philippines, drawing millions of people

Sept:  Switzerland returns to the Philippines $500 million left by the late Philippine ruler Ferdinand Marcos

Nov 3:  Typhoon Angela and Zac kill 1,068 and leave thousand homeless


SSC celebrates “90 years of grace”.  The Grade School re-enacts the arrival of the first Benedictine Sisters in Tondo.


The re-enactment act of the arrival of the five German sisters at the Pier in Plaza Moriones during the celebration of the school’s ‘90 Years of Grace in December 3, 1996

Appointment of the first lay vice-presidents:  Mrs. Cecile Gutierrez as Vice-President for Academic Affairs and Ms. Linda Gil as Vice-President for Administration.

Dr. Cecile B. Gutierrez,
 first lay Vice-President for Academic Affairs


Dr. Linda Gil,
 first lay Vice-President for Administration

Revival of the “Work-A-Year” program into the Lay Volunteers Program – for new graduates to volunteer their services in mission areas or poor schools for a year.

 1996     Jun:  Talks between the government and Muslim rebels are held to end the 24-year conflict that has killed 50,000 people in the southern islands

Mar:  Ozone Disco fire kills 159 students and injures at least 111 others

Aug 4:  Philippine Flyweight boxer Mansueto Velasco, Jr. wins silver medal in the Atlanta 1996 Olympics

Aug 23:  Centennial celebration of the Philippine revolution against Spain in Manila is attended by 800 world-renowned historians, scholars, researchers, writers, and academicians

Sept 2:  Peace agreement between Philippine government and Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) is signed in Manila.


Nov 20-25:  The summit of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC) is held in Manila

APEC Summit

November 20-25, 1996


Divine Word University Hospital incorporated separately from the University; named Divine Word Hospital.

Jul  18:  The government signs a ceasefire agreement with MILF; the second large1998st Muslim rebel group

Sept 21:  Cardinal Sin and Corazon Aquino lead anti-Cha Cha rally in the Luneta, ending attempts to extend Ramos’ term by constitutional amendment

Dec 12:  A Switzerland high court orders Swiss Banks to send $500 million assets of the late Ferdinand Marcos back to the Philippines

1998 Establishment of School of Accountancy.

Donation of land for a Benedictine school by Ayala Land Incorporated.

First lay missionary to Tanzania.

May 11:  Joseph Estrada, a former actor wins the presidential election, takes his oath of office on June 30 as the nation’s 13th president and Gloria Arroyo as Vice-President 


Jun 12:  Centennial Celebrations commemorate hundredth anniversary of the proclamation of Philippine Independence (1898-1998)


Sisters’ Congress December 28-31 and “welcome” to the new millennium.

Feb 4:  President Joseph Estrada signs as “Jose Velarde” to withdraw $10 million from an undeclared account in the presence of Clarissa Ocampo, Vice-President of Equitable Bank

Clarissa Ocampo, Vice-President of Equitable Bank and an SSC alumna, testifying during the impeachment trial of then President Joseph Estrada

Aug 20:  150,000 people protest against the economic changes in the constitution  proposed by President Estrada

Nov 27-28:  The 10-nation ASEAN summit opens.  ASEAN leaders in the Philippines agree to increase cooperation toward a common market

Dec 12-17:  A 6.8 earthquake hit Luzon and at least 5 people are killed.  A 4.8 earthquake struck Leyte province

Five national and man-made disaster hit the Philippines in 1999


Blessing and opening of St. Benedict’s Home, the new retirement house

Start of St. Scholastica’s College of Health Sciences, Tacloban City

Feb 26:  Series of bombings aboard Super Five express left 41 dead by Muslim separatist rebels

Mar 2:  40 NPA’s kill 10 soldiers

Mar 16:  Rebel-army troops battle leaves 23 people dead in Lanao del Norte Ocampo, Vice President of Equitable Bank, testified to the false papers before an impeachment court

Mar 20:  Abu Sayyaf rebels seizes 50 hostages from 2 schools in Basilan for ransom

Apr 10:  Government troops attack MNLF Camp Belai; 278 rebels and 18 soldiers die in the encounter

Apr 28:  Government troops gain control of rebel stronghold in Basilan Island after a  week of fighting

May 3:  In Zamboanga, Mindanao, the MNLF takes 100 hostages, leaving 4 dead

Aug 28:  Abu Sayyaf guerrilas abduct Jeffrey Schilling, their first American hostage

Sept 17:  Military forces kill 6 Abu Sayyaf guerrilas and captures 20

Oct 19:  Nine (9) persons are killed and 11 MNLF guerrilas wounded

Nov 2:  President Estrada offers to let the people decide his future in a referendum as more members of the cabinet resign

Nov 4:  Tens of thousands rally in Manila calling for President Estrada’s resignation

Nov 9:  Perfecto Yasay, the former SEC Chairman, accuses the president of forcing him to resign and attempting to influence the investigation of an Estrada friend.  Yasay also had tried to block the sale of a controlling stake in Philippine Long Distance Telephone


Formation of the Consortium of Women’s Colleges (CWC) with SSC, Maryknoll College, Assumption College, St. Paul College of Manila and College of the Holy Spirit as members


CWC Memorandum of Agreement signing, October 12, 2001


New immersion community at Mati, Davao Oriental.  Emphasis on sustainable agriculture; “masipag” farming; farmers’ education

St. Scholastica’s College-Westgrove opens.  First building a donation of Ayala Land, Incorporation

St. Scholastica’s College, Westgrove

Formation of Centennial Committee to plan for priory centennial 2006.  Archives- Museum to be set up


SSC-Priory Museum-Archives Perspective

 Feb 6:  President Arroyo names Sen. Teofisto Guingona as her Vice President

Feb 7:  Citizens files a lawsuit against former Pres. Estrada for possessing $400 million in unexplained wealth, and reclaiming the amount for the government

March:  The MILF declares a ceasefire and its readiness to hold talks with the government

Mar 2:  The Supreme Court affirms the legitimacy of Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and denies immunity to former Pres. Estrada

Apr 25:  Estrada is arrested and placed in custody.  The ousted Philippine President Joseph Estrada became the country’s first eader to be arrested for alleged corruption in office

May 1:  Pres. Arroyo declares a state of rebellion and orders the arrest of 2 senators and several military officials loyal to former Pres. Estrada.  Forty thousand (40,000) protesters march in Malacanang Palace

May 6:  Pres. Arroyo lifts the “state of rebellion” order

May 14:  Midterm elections are held for half the Senate and the entire House of Representatives.  The Communist leaning party nation first party wins 3 seats

May 27:  Abu Sayyaf abduct 21 people from Dos Palmas Resort.  Missionaries Martin and Grace Burnham are among the kidnapped

Jun 22:  Government signs a peace agreement with Moro Islamic Liberation Front

Jun 24:  Mayon Volcano erupts; 7,000 villagers flee


Aug 7:  The Islamic and National fronts sign separate unity pact to bridge their 23 year split.  Only Abu Sayyaf is left fighting the government

Sept 19:  Court rules the return of $627 million from Marcos to the government

Oct 18:  Opposition legislators files a resolution for the impeachment of Pres. Estrada for taking bribes.  Some 15,000 people call for Estrada resignation

Nov 13:  The House of Representatives approves an impeachment trial to address corruption charges against Pres. Estrada.  Earlier, on November 14, some 20,000 march in Manila for the ouster of Pres. Estrada

Nov 20:  Senate presents Pres. Estrada 270-page articles of impeachment for corruption and constitutional violations

Dec 30:  Five (5) bomb blasts hit Manila killing 22 people.  Seven (7) Muslim guerrilas are indicted including Salamat Hashim, chairman of the Moro Liberation Front.  The Jemaah Islamiyah, a militant group linked to Al Queda is involved in the train bombing


Additional fields of specialization for degrees in music introduced:  composition, guitar, pipe organ, strings, winds, voice.  Similarly, ladderized Certificate programs

SSC granted autonomy by the CHED


Accent on work for the poor; interfaith dialogue

“Bahay Lila” set in operation: shelter for abused women and children


Bahay Lila

Jan:  US marine joint exercises with Filipino military signals a new phase in the war against terrorism 


Jun 7:  Martin Burnham, an American missionary and Filipino nurse Ediborah Yap are killed when troops stormed an Abu Sayyaf outpost in Mindanao


Aug 23:  An anti-graft court in the Philippines freezes the assets of former president Joseph Estrada in connection with illegal accumulation of 4 billion pesos ($76.48 million) during his 31-month rule

Nov 4:  China signs a landmark agreement with Southeast Asian countries (Brunei, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam) on avoiding open conflict in the disputed South China Sea Spratly Islands

Nov 21:  The United States and the Philippines sign a controversial agreement which would allow U.S. Forces to use the Philippines as a supply point for military operations


2003    Alternative education for Aetas to be worked out and formalized Feb 2,8,19:  Encounters between the government forces and the NPA, Abu Sayyaf rebels leave 54 dead

Feb 20:  Pentagon officials offer to send 1,700 U.S. Soldiers to the Philippines over the next few weeks to fight Muslim extremists.  The Philippine government rejects the offer

Mar 4-Jul 22:  Five (5) bomb explosions, 2 attacks, 1 ferry collision and 2 tropical storms killing 86 persons and displacing 2,227 people were reported

Jul 18:  Government signs ceasefire with MILF ahead of planned talks in Malaysia

Jul 27:  In Manila, some 300 mutinous Philippine troops seize downtown residential shopping and later surrenders, ending a 19-hour standoff with government forces. President Arroyo declares a state of rebellion, which lasted until August 11

Oct 18:  U.S. President Bush addresses a special joint session of the Philippine Congress in Manila.  Bush promises to help the Philippines defeat terrorism.   Thousands of university students and activists march to protest Bush’s visit to Manila already tense over security concerns


Dec 16:  Pres. Bush signs a measure that make WW II Filipino American veterans eligible for full Veterans Affair health care.

Dec 19:  Landslides and floods have kill at least 127 people, and 150 others were missing and feared dead

2004     “MAKAPAWA” (Community-Based Health Program) on its 25th year to publish history and experiences, especially with “Under-Fives Program”  May 10:  President Arroyo narrowly defeats Poe, taking 39.5% of the vote to his 36.6%, according to the unofficial count

May 18:  A powerful typhoon slams into the Philippines, causing at least 19 deaths on the eastern islands in the archipelago

Jun 20:  A Philippine congressional committee announces election of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo

Jul 3:  Tropical storm Mindulle, kills at least 31 people in the Philippines

Jul 13:  Filipino Angelo Dela Cruz is freed by Iraqi kidnappers after Philippine troops withdraw from Iraq.

Nov 30:  The death toll from landslides and flash floods in the eastern Philippines jumps to 41 nearly 340 with 150 other missing, after a second rainstorm hits a region

Dec 2:  Back-to-back storms kill at least 842 people and leaves 751 missing.  1,100 are feared dead in the wake of Typhoon Nanmadol

Dec 14:  Fernando Poe, Jr., former Philippine actor and presidential candidate, dies


Dec:  The Philippine Supreme Court rules to allow foreign firms to run mines in the Philippines, overturning a negative decision last January

The Philippine budget deficit is 3.9% of GDP.  Its consolidated public-sector debt is almost 140% of GDP and some fear a default

 2005 Establishment of two new Institutes:  the Institute for Emerging Technologies and the Institute for Catering Management and Hospitality Technology

Development of new courses continues as “autonomy” provides greater opportunities for creative innovation

Sept 14:  Start of the year-long celebration of the centennial of the Manila Priory and the arrival of the first Benedictine Sisters

Laying of cornerstone of St. Scholastica Archives-Museum

Dec 3:  Start of the celebration of the centennial of St. Scholastica’s College.


Community Development Center (CDC) approved to be a juridical community to continue work started by the former CDCI

Sept 14:  Start of year-long centennial celebration of St. Scholastica’s Priory and St. Scholastica’s College

Opening liturgy.  Laying of cornerstone for Archives-Museum.  Grand concert.

Pres. Corazon C. Aquino and Deputy Head of Mission of Federal Republic of Germany, H.E. Rolf Saligmann lower the commemorative capsule.  Assisting in the activity were (L to R) Mr. Vicente Pijano, III, Overall Coordinator of the Event, S. Lumen Gloria Dungca, OSB, Sub-prioress,  Sr. Josefina G. Nepomuceno, OSB, SSC President and M. Mary John Mananzan, OSB, Prioress of the Missionary of Benedictine Sisters of Tutzing

Dec 3:  Kick-off of year of centennial celebration of St. Scholastica’s College

 Jan 1:  Philippines forecast: 4.5% annual GDP growth with a population at 87.9 million and GDP per head at $1,010

Feb 7:  Hundreds of armed followers of a jailed former Muslim rebel leader attacks government troops and occupy one army Twelve (12) soldiers killed

Feb 14:  Three bombs jolt Manila and two other cities, killing at least 12 people and  wounding more than 100 others.  The Muslim extremist group Abu Sayyaf claims responsibility for the blasts

Mar 15:  Some of the country’s most hardened terrorists are killed in a failed prison uprising; 28 people die

June:  An audio file, allegedly wiretapped by military intelligence becomes available with President Arroyo speaking to COMELEC Virgilio Garcillano (Hello Garci Tape)

The crisis first became public on June 6, 2005 with the press conference held by Presidential Press Secretary Ignacio Bunye. Here he is pictured showing CDs containing wiretapped conversations

Jun 11:  Thousands of protesters demand President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo to step down for allegations for fixing last year’s election and receiving gambling kickbacks


Jun 21:  Manila Archbishop Cardinal Jaime Sin dies.  Cardinal Sin, an outspoken advocate of democracy who played a key role in the “People Power” revolts (1986, 2001) that ousted two Philippine presidents


Jul 8:  Gloria Macapagal Arroyo’s presidency is in tatters: her base of support eroding, calls for her resignation over an election scandal is gaining support




Association of Benedictine Schools puts out new CLE sourcebooks for all grade and year levels


Opening of St. Scholastica’s Archives-Museum

 Feb 4:  The PhilSports Arena stampede happened at the PhilSports (formerly ULTRA) football stadiumin Pasig City, Metro Manila killing 74 people and injured about 400 


Feb 17:  As many as 1,000 people are feared to have died in a mudslide which engulfs a village on the central island of Leyte


Feb 24: President Arroyo declares a state of emergency after the army says it has foiled a planned coup.  The decree was lifted on March 3, but still without any credible evidence of any alleged coup attempt involving, allegedly, a combination of Communists and right-wing army officers


Jun 24: President Arroyo announced the abolition of the death penalty.

Jun 26: Opponents of President Arroyo filed a new impeachment complaint, alleging corruption and human rights abuses.

Aug 8: The Philippine Congress began hearing new impeachment complaints against President Gloria Arroyo, linking her to corruption and human rights abuses and alleging she cheated in the 2004 election.

Dec: Hundreds of people are feared dead after Typhoon Durian batters the east, triggering mudslides. 


 Mar 31:  Angelina A. Aquino, Grade IV-St. Maurus, Bronze medalist, 5th World Mathematics Competition held in Bandung, Indonesia.

Jun 28/Jul 2: In celebration of the School of Music’s centenary (1907-2007), music faculty and students staged concerts at the LRT/MRT train stations, the first in Philippine music history


Jul 4-Aug 15: The Grade School unit launched its computerized election process


Jul 8-14:  The High School Volleyball and Swimming Teams represented the Philippines in the 8th ASEAN Girls Volleyball Championship held in Malaysia.


Aug 2:  Former Philippine President Cory Aquino staged an Art Exhibit at the SSC Archives Museum

Aug 2:  Daughters True was awarded the National Book Award for 2006 by the Manila Critics Circle 


 Aug 12: School of Music hosted the Philippine’s first Living Trees Museum 


 Aug 28-29: SSC celebrates blessing of new facilities: Cybernook-Friedenshaus and Haus Cyrilla

 Sept 11:  St. Scho bags Entrepreyouth 
 Challenge Grand Prize

 Nov 10: Mass Communication students and professors win top honors at the 2006 Catholic Mass Media Awards (CMMA)


Dec 3: St. Scholastica’s College, Manila unveiled a historical marker to commemorate its 100 year history


SSC Pep Squad: Back-to-Back Champions (WNCAA and WCSA)

Christian Tan, SSC Bachelor of Music in Violin first year student, received the Artistic Director Achievement Award organized by the Asian Youth Orchestra


Sept 1-10:  Twenty-four (24) Benedictine abbesses and prioresses coming from all parts of the world attended the The Communione Internationalis Benedictinarum (CIB) conference in St. Scholastica’s Center of Spirituality in Tagaytay City


Sept 16:To celebrate the centenary of the Missionary Benedictine Sisters’ Presence in the Philippines, St. Scholastica’s College, Manila and the Manila Priory held a CENTENNIAL CONCERT  



Apr: The government entered into a US$ 329.5 million contract for a national broadband network (NBN) deal that will improve government communications capabilities.

Sept 12: Former president Joseph Estrada was convicted of corruption and sentenced to life in prison, the first ever in the history of the Philippines. He wins a presidential pardon shortly afterwards.


Sept 18: De Venecia’s son, Joey, identifies First Gentleman Mike Arroyo as the  “mystery man” in the national broadband network project. Joey claims Arroyo told him to “back off” from the project. 


Sept 22: President Arroyo suspends the national broadband network project.

Nov: Renegade soldiers make a failed coup bid at a luxury hotel in Manila after breaking out of court where they were standing trial for the failed 2003 mutiny.


May 6: The High School Unit of St. Scholastica’s College, Manila has been granted a re-accreditation status for five years by PAASCU   

 Jul 1: I-CATHY’s Cafe Cyrilla was launched

Jul 4-11: High School student wins in International Taekwondo Competition 

Jul 10-13: High School students attend IBYC and WYD 2008  

World Youth Day sharing during catechesis 

Jul 30: Ms. Airam Gonzales, Outstanding Nutrition-Dietetics Student 2008

Aug: First Batch of Scholastican Registered Guidance Counselors (100% passing rate)

Aug 13: High School student wins in the 2008 RPN9 News Watch Junior Edition Contest  


Sept 1: High School student Miro Fraces D. Capili won first prize in the 58th Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature


Sept 26: High School Unit’s Samahang Tinig wins first runner up in Sabayang-Bigkas Kontest

Sept 28: High School Glee Club bags awards in High School Choir tilt

Oct 18: St. Scho tops 39th WNCAA Season midgets volleyball


Oct 20: High School wins in Inter-School Impromptu Speaking Competition

Oct 29: Mass Communication faculty and students win in CMMA TV and Radio Production


Nov 13: SSC signed MOA with the Consortium of Benedictine Colleges in Metro Manila (CBCM)

Nov 16: School of Music students win NAMCYA awards

Nov 29: High School Glee Club emerges as CMLI Voices in Harmony 2008 Champion

Dec 11: Sr. Mary Placid Abejo, OSB, SSC Dean of Music, 2008 TOFIL Awardee for Music

Dec 12-13: Guidance Department celebrated its 50th year foundation (1958-2008)

High School Scholasticans win Bronze in synchronized swimming event in Malaysia

Joy Rojas, Scholastican HS ‘ 83: First Filipina to run across the US


Feb 5: De Venecia is unseated as the House Speaker.  Members of the House of Representative elected Prospero Nograles as the new Speaker.



 Jan 12:  Accomplished pianist, Valida Rassoulova’s held masterclass at SSC